Revista Virtual de Artes, com ênfase na pintura do século XIX

Posts com tag “gatos

Trio: Gatos – Pintores Contemporâneos

20.geoffrey-tristam

GEOFF TRISTAM (Inglaterra)


makoto muramatsu-39

MAKOTO MURAMATSU (Japão)


3.PERSIS CLAUTON WEIRS

PERSIS CLAUTON WEIRS (EUA)



“Cat Lovers Day” – Dia dos amantes dos gatos

EmileMunier-the-morning-mealGirl holding two cats - Albert Anker

EMILE MUNIER                                                                                                ALBERT ANKER


the-cats-mother - Edmund Adler (1876 – 1965, Austrian)Spencelayh_Charles_Kitty_Spencelayh

EDMUND ADLER                                                                                                   CHARLES SPENCELAYH


Fillette et son petit chat-Emile Vernon1895_Carrier_Belleuse_Pierre_-_Ballerina_Holding_A_Black_Cat

EMILE VERNON                                                                                              PIERRE CARRIER-BELLEUSE


Carlton Alfred Smith (1853 - 1946) - A young woman and her catFritz Sonderland_a little interlude

CARLTON ALFRED SMITH                                                                                            FRITZ SONDERLAND


Portrait of the artist's daughter, Helen-Frederick Arthur BridgmanPortrait of a lady with cat_Nikolai Aleksandrovich Yaroshenko - Date unknown

FREDERICK ARTHUR BRIDGMAN                                                                         NIKOLAI YAROSHENKO


SAIBA MAIS:  “CAT LOVERS DAY”

cat


Dois sonhos

Ralph Hedley - Cat in Cottage Window

O gato dorme a tarde inteira no jardim.

Sonha (?) tigres enviesados a chamá-lo

para a fraternidade no jardim.

Gato sonhando, talvez sonho de homem?

Continua dormindo, enquanto ignoro

a natureza e o limite do seu sonho

e por minha vez

também me sonho (inveja) gato no jardim.

Carlos Drummond de Andrade

Pintura: Ralph Hedley (pintor inglês – 1848-1913)


Pintura: Cães e gatos – Galeria 24

Gato que brincas na rua
como se fosse na cama
invejo a sorte que é tua
porque nem sorte se chama

bom servo das leis fatais
que reges terras e gentes
que tens instintos gerais
e sentes só o que sentes

és feliz porque és assim
todo nada que és é teu
eu vejo-me e estou sem mim
conheço-me e não sou eu

Fernando Pessoa

Sleeping-girl-with-cat-RenoirGirl with a Cat - 1881- Albert Edelfelt (finnish painter)

PIERRE AUGUSTE RENOIR                                                                                ALBERT EDELFELT


Heinrich Reinhart (1829-1914) - Die KatzenmamaMy Best Friend - Robert Cree Crawford (scottish painter)

HEINRICH REINHART                                                                      ROBERT CREE CRAWFORD


Sympathetic Friends-Florent Willems

FLORENT WILLEMS


feeding the dogs - Adolf Eberle

ADOLF EBERLE


rival families_frederick morgan

FREDERICK MORGAN


off to school by Charles Burton Barber

CHARLES BURTON BARBER


the-cats-mother - Edmund Adler (1876 – 1965, Austrian)girl-with-dog - Edmund Adler (1876 – 1965, Austrian)

EDMUND ADLER


tres-amigos-emilemunier

EMILE MUNIER



Temas da pintura: Cães e gatos – Galeria 23

girl with dog-Nathaniel Hone, R.A._Hughes_Merle__Young_Girl_with_Span

NATHANIEL HONE                                                                                               HUGHES MERLE


carl reichert -1836-1918-the best friend

CARL REICHERT


John Charlton (british, 1849-1917)- Her Favourites 1881

JOHN CHARLTON


Katzen Spiel_Fritz Zuber-Buhler(1822-1896)

FRITZ ZUBER-BUHLER


Eycken_Charles_H_van_Den_What_Time_is_it_1903An armful of mischief - Catherine Engelhart Amyont - Date unknown

CHARLES H. VAN DEN EYCKEN                                                                   CATHERINE AMYOT


73.waiting for the vet-emile-vernonFillette et son petit chat-Emile Vernon

EMILE VERNON



Temas da Pintura: Cães e gatos–Galeria 22

Maria Brooks (British, 1837-1913)-Good friends

MARIA BROOKS


Bail_Antoine_Jean_A_Young_Girl_With_A_White_Cat

ANTOINE JEAN BAIL


nikolai-rachkov-at-the-door-1871Thangue_Henry_Herbert_la_The_Puppy

NIKOLAI RACHKOV                                                                          HENRY HERBERT LA THANGUE


Laupheimer_Anton_Die_Grosse_Schwester_1873Knaus_Ludwig_A_Handful_of_Kittens_1865

ANTON LAUPHEIMER                                                                                 LUDWIG KNAUS


a_quiet_read-EdwinHarris

EDWIN HARRIS


LanceCalkin-in_the_land_of_nod

LANCE CALKIN


charles-trevor-garland-doddy-and-her-pets_Good_Old_Tory_by_Charles_Trevor_Garland

CHARLES TREVOR GARLAND



Temas da pintura: Cães e gatos – Galeria 21

Charles Frederick Lowcock (1878 - 1922) - Feeding TimeAlbert Roosenboom (Belgian, 1845-1873)

CHARLES FREDERICK LOWCOCK                                                                      ALBERT ROOSENBOOM


William Henry Hamilton Trood - Pups' Slumber 1890

WILLIAM HENRY HAMILTON TROOD


children-playing-Heinrich Lossow (1843 – 1897, German)

HEINRICH LOSSOW


Viscountess Castlereach -1913 by Philip Alexius de Laszlo (hungarian painter)Govaert Flinck - A Little Girl with a Puppy in Her Arms

PHILLIP ALEXIUS DE LASZLO                                                                       GOVAERT FLINCK


Percy Thomas MacQuoid (1852 - 1925) - Peg Woffington visiting an eccentric cat lover

PERCY THOMAS MACQUOID


A Saucer of Milk-Carl Vilhelm Holsoemilk for the cat_Johann Hamza

CARL VILHELM HOLSOE                                                                                             JOHANN HAMZA


2.Percy Tarrant (British, 1879-1930)WILLIAM OLIVER_Full Of Mischief

PERCY TARRANT                                                                                               WILLIAM OLIVER


a winter rose -Sydney Percy KendrickElegant Lady Walking Her Greyhounds on the Beach by Edmond Louis Dupain

SYDNEY PERCY KENDRICK                                                                            EDMOND LOUIS DUPAIN


Emilio Sanchez Sola - Playtime

EMILIO SANCHEZ SOLA



Pintura: Cães e gatos–Galeria 20

010

A ESTRELA

Gatinho, meu amigo,
fazes idéia do que seja uma estrela?

Dizem que todo esse nosso imenso planeta
    coberto de oceanos e montanhas
    é menos que um grão de poeira
    se comparado a uma delas

Estrelas são explosões nucleares em cadeia
numa sucessão que dura bilhões de anos

O mesmo que a eternidade

Não obstante, Gatinho, confesso
que pouco me importa
          quanto dura uma estrela

Importa-me quanto duras tu,
           querido amigo,
           e esses teus olhos azul-safira
           com que me fitas

(Ferreira Gullar)

Portrait of the artist's daughter, Helen-Frederick Arthur Bridgmane-munier-her best friend

FREDERICK ARTHUR BRIDGMAN                                                                                  EMILE MUNIER


best-friends-John Henry Dolph

JOHN HENRY DOLPH                                                                                CHARLES LANDELLE


CARLTON ALFRED SMITH (1853 - 1946) - A YOUNG WOMAN AND HER CATCharles Edward Perugini - At Play

CARLTON ALFRED SMITH                                                         CHARLES EDWARD PERUGINI


merry_goes_the_time_when_the_heart_is_young-john-henry-henshall

JOHN HENRY HENSHALL


A-BUSY-FAMILY-Henriette-Ronner-Knip

HENRIETTE RONNER KNIP


der-malerstreit-by-carl-reichert

CARL REICHERT


Henrietta May Ada Ward (1832-1924) - Rival beauties (2)Jules Worms (1832 - 1914) - Elegant lady and her whippet

HENRIETTA MAY ADA WARD                                                                                          JULES WORMS


Duverger-Theophile-Emmanuel-The-Patient-Petjames-archer-which-hand-will-you-take

THEOPHILE EMMANUEL DUVERGER                                                                                         JAMES ARCHER


elin_kleopatra_danielson_gambogi (1861-1919)_portrait of walborg jakobsson

ALFRED DEDREUX                                                                         ELIN KLEOPATRA DANIELSON GAMBOGI


Gerhard Munthe (norwegian painter)- Idyll

GERHARD MUNTHE



Temas da Pintura: Cães e gatos–Galeria 19

Once Bit, Twice Shy - Charles Burton Barber

CHARLES BURTON BARBER


Leo Malempré (British-French, 1860-1901)- Girl Playing with a Kitten15.arthur-john-elsley

LEO MALEMPRÉ                                                                                                 ARTHUR JOHN ELSLEY


Briton Riviere, English, 1840-1920 -- Jilted

ANDREA LANDINI                                                                           BRITON RIVIERE


charles-sillem-lidderdale-a-foster-motherSpencelayh_Charles_Kitty_Spencelayh

CHARLES SILLEM LIDDERDALE                                                                                   CHARLES SPENCELAYH


mummys-little-angels - Edmund Adler (1876 – 1965, Austrian)Fritz_ZuberBuhler (2)

EDMUND ADLER                                                                                     FRITZ ZUBER-BUHLER



Temas da Pintura: Cães e gatos–Galeria 18

Auguste-Hector Cabuzel (french, b.1836_training for tea-1883_768x981V Reggianini_An_Elegant_Pair

AUGUSTE HECTOR CABUZEL                                                                           VITTORIO REGGIANINI


              

He who speaks first! - Federico Mazzotta

FEDERICO MAZZOTTA


valentine-thomas-garland-puppies-in-a-haystack

VALENTINE THOMAS GARLAND


A-BUSY-FAMILY-Henriette-Ronner-Knip

HENRIETTE RONNER KNIP


How Happy Could I Be with Either by Eyre Crowe

EYRE CROWE


45.edmund-adlerTrue Friends-John George Brown

EDMUND ADLER                                                                        JOHN GEORGE BROWN


023 arthur john elsley026 fritz zuber buhler

ARTHUR JOHN ELSLEY                                                                      FRITIZ ZUBER-BUHLER


briton-riviere-fidelity

BRITON RIVIERE



Temas da pintura: Cães e gatos–Galeria 17

Best of Friends. Pierre-Charles Comte (French, 1823-1895)

PIERRE-CHARLES COMTE


2.therese-schwartze(holanda-1852-1918)

THERESE SCHWARTZE


james-archer-which-hand-will-you-taketoo hot by arthur john.elsley

JAMES ARCHER                                                                   ARTHUR JOHN ELSLEY


Naughty_Boy_or_Compulsory_Education_by_Briton_RiviereAntoon François Heijlingers (1827-1896) - An elegant lady and her whippet

BRITON RIVIERE                                                              ANTOON FRANÇOIS HEIJLINGERS


the white cat-Vittorio Matteo Corcos (italian)_600x762francesco-vinea_favourite-friends

VITTORIO MATTEO CORCOS                                                                     FRANCESCO VINEA


Emile Munier - A Girl Playing with a Kitten

EMILE MUNIER


Cornelis Raaphorst(1875-1954)-chatons-jouant-avec-des-livres

CORNELIS RAAPHORST


20.albert-ankerSigfrid August Keinänen 1841-1914-menina com gatos_600x697

ALBERT ANKER                                                                       SIGFRID AUGUST KEINÄNEN



Temas da Pintura: Cães e gatos–Galeria 16

_Hughes_Merle__Young_Girl_with_Spangirl-with-dog-by-Madeleine-Jeanne-Lemaire

HUGHES MERLE                                                                                         MADELEINE JEANNE LEMAIRE


A_Faithful_Companion_by_Francois_MartinKavelCorcos_Vittorio_Matteo_The_New_Kitten

FRANÇOIS MARTIN-KAVEL                                                                                      VITTORIO MATTEO CORCOS


teasing-my-best-friend=karl-witkowski-Alexander Mark Rossi (fl.1870 - 1903)-Which Shall I Have

KARL WITKOWSKI                                                                                       ALEXANDER MARK ROSSI


Briton Riviere - Old Playfellows 1883

BRITON RIVIERE


elsley-21

ARTHUR JOHN ELSLEY


Charles Edward Wilson (attributed, 1854 - 1941) - The kittenemile_munier_m1000_a_special_moment

CHARLES EDWARD WILSON                                                                                                  EMILE MUNIER


22. emile vernongeorge-sheridan-knowles-friend-or-foe

EMILE VERNON                                                                                       GEORGE SHERIDAN KNOWLES



Pintura: Cães e gatos–Galeria 15

parceiros-John George BrownRalph Hedley - Last in Market

JOHN GEORGE BROWN                                                                                          RALPH HEDLEY


56.arthur john elsley2-Forgive Us Our Trespasses, 1927 - William Henry Gore

ARTHUR JOHN ELSLEY                                                                                     WILLIAM HENRY GORE


    

munier_1893_01_playing_with_the_kittenher_best_friend-Emile Munier

EMILE MUNIER


Young Ballerina Holding A Black Cat- Pierre Carrier-Belleuse- 1895Emmanuel-Béranger_a-kitten´s-game

PIERRE CARRIER BELLEUSE                                                                                  EMMANUEL BÉRANGER


5-william-hemsleyScholderer_Otto_Mind_Mit_Katze

WILLIAM HEMSLEY                                                                                               OTTO SCHOLDERER


PINTORES CONTEMPORÂNEOS

gatitos 2-AntonioCapel

ANTONIO CAPEL


bralds-braldt-03

BRALDS BRALDT


SuellenRoss (2)

SUELLEN ROSS


ron-burns-

RON BURNS



Temas da Pintura: Cães e gatos – 14

the-favorite-Federico-Andreottiher-favorite-Charles-Chaplin

FEDERICO ANDREOTTI                                                                                  CHARLES CHAPLIN


8.arthur-john-elsleyCharles-Burton-Barber-ANY_PORT_IN_A_STORM

ARTHUR JOHN ELSLEY                                                                    CHARLES BURTON BARBER


Portrait of a Lady with a Cat. Nikolai Yaroshenko (Ukrainian, 1846-98)cat-games-Georges-Croegaert

NIKOLAI YAROSHENKO                                                                      GEORGES CROEGAERT


Vernon_Emile_Best_Of_Friends

EMILE VERNON


Buhler_Fritz_Zuber_A_Young_Girl_With_A_Bichon_Frisegirl-with-a-lap-dog-Raimundo-de-Madrazo-Y-Kuntz

FRITZ ZUBER-BUHLER                                                                         RAIMUNDO DE MADRAZO Y KUNTZ


VittorioMateoCorcos-the_wounded_puppyHGuerault_in_the_boudoir

VITTORIO MATTEO CORCOS                                                                                       H. GUERAULT


Baby's Snacktime-Victor-Gabriel-Gilbert

VICTOR GABRIEL GILBERT


haroldPiffard_speak_for_it_!

HAROLD PIFFARD



Temas da Pintura: Cães e gatos – 13

herbert-dicksee

HERBERT DICKSEE


in-hard-lucky-John-George-Brown

JOHN GEORGE BROWN


william-robert-symonds--heather-portrait-of-a-girl1900-briton-riviere

WILLIAM ROBERT SYMONDS                                                                                           BRITON RIVIERE


Richard Ansdell (1815-1885) - A highland walk

RICHARD ANSDELL


Edmond Louyot (1861- 1920, French)the-little-beggar-by-Edmond Louyot (1861- 1920, French)

EDMOND LOUYOT


Country Girl and Her Kitten, Charles Landelle7.arthur-john-elsley

CHARLES ZACHARIE LANDELLE                                                                             ARTHUR JOHN ELSLEY


frank-patonjulius-adam-

FRANK PATON                                                                                            JULIUS ADAM


jwgodward-rr

JOHN WILLIAM GODWARD



Pintura: Cães e gatos – 12

thomas-james-lhoyd-

THOMAS JAMES LHOYD


Carlton-Alfred-Smith-New-Arrival

CARLTON ALFRED SMITH


William_Holman_Hunt_Miss_Gladys_M__Holman_Hunt_(The_School_of_Nature)the-new-litter-Gustave-Doyen

WILLIAM HOLMAN HUNT                                                              GUSTAVE DOYEN


45.edmund-adler

EDMUND ADLER


Ronner_Knip_Heriette_Four_Kittens_1899

HENRIETTE RONNER-KNIP


Charles D Ward (British artist, 1872-1935) The Obsequeous Persian 1911

CHARLES D. WARD


16.Charles Joseph Grips (Belgica,1825-1920)CarlReichert-kittens_playing_with_beetles

CHARLES JOSEPH GRIPS                                                                                        CARL REICHERT


John-George-Brown-Frank-and-His-Dog-Private-Collection

JOHN GEORGE BROWN


vittorio-reggianini-(italian-1858-1938)-an-elegant-lady_449x800

VITTORIO REGGIANINI



Pintura: Cães e gatos – 11

wilhelm-eilers-2-philip-richard-morris-quite-ready

WILHELM EILERS                                                                                      PHILIP RICHARD MORRIS


WARDLE-ARTHUR4william-powell-frith--

ARTHUR WARDLE                                                                                   WILLIAM POWELL FRITH


2.samuel-wallerThomasGainsborough_cottage_girl_with_dog_and_pitcher

SAMUEL WALLER                                                                           THOMAS GAINSBOROUGH


percy-moran

PERCY MORAN


HelenaJMaguire(1860-1909)-ASummerAfternoon

HELENA J. MAGUIRE


WilsonHepple_2

WILSON HEPPLE


Carlton Alfred Smith

CARLTON ALFRED SMITH


Paolo Giovanni Bedini (1844-1924) -The playful kitten

PAOLO GIOVANNI BEDINI


20.albert-ankerjean-baptiste-greuze-1724-1805

ALBERT ANKER                                                                               JEAN BAPTISTE GREUZE


Emilemunier_deux_filles_avec_un_panier_de_chatons

EMILE MUNIER


emile-vernon-010

EMILE VERNON



Temas da pintura: Cães e gatos (10)

 

5_Frederick_Morganfrancesco-vinea-009

FREDERICK MORGAN                                                                                  FRANCESCO VINEA


Potter_Sydneyjean-baptiste-antoine-emile-beranger-(french)

SYDNEY POTTER                                                                       JEAN BAPTISTE ANTOINE EMILE BERANGER


georg-kugler-1840-190452.william-oliver

GEORGE KUGLER                                                                                             WILLIAM OLIVER


William Henry Gore (1880-1916)05-briton-riviere

WILLIAM HENRY GORE                                                                          BRITON RIVIERE


friedrich-august-kaulbach-01029-A-Wardle-

FRIEDRICH AUGUST KAULBACH                                                                                         ARTHUR WARDLE


CharlesBurtonBarber

CHARLES BURTON BARBER


Elsley_Arthur_John

ARTHUR JOHN ELSLEY


EmileMunier-the-morning-meal

EMILE MUNIER



Pintura: Cães e gatos – 9

charles burton barber 48-william-hemsley

CHARLES BURTON BARBER                                                                               WILLIAM HEMSLEY


joseph-clark-1834-1926

JOSEPH CLARK


cesare-saccaggi-03

CESARE SACCAGGI


John-George-Brown-My-Best-Friendj-g-brown--1g

JOHN GEORGE BROWN


jules-gustave-leroy-1856-1921carl-reichert--

JULES GUSTAVE LEROY                                                                                       CARL REICHERT


vittorio-reggianini-8t

VITTORIO REGGIANINI



Pintura: Cães e gatos – 8

v-reggianini-495.vittorio-reggianini

VITTORIO REGGIANINI


carl-reichert-1836-1918sophie-anderson--08

CARL REICHERT                                                                                   SOPHIE ANDERSON


a-surprise-party-john-george-brownperrault (6)

JOHN GEORGE BROWN                                                                                              JEAN LEON BASILE PERRAULT 


                   

elsley-21

ARTHUR JOHN ELSLEY


Epp-Rudolf-The-bowl-of-milk-Sune-munier-r8

RUDOLF EPP                                                                                                    EMILE MUNIER


Schutze_Wilhelm_Best_FriendsCBBarber1

WILHELM SCHUTZE                                                                                             CHARLES BURTON BARBER


Corcos_Vittorio_Matteo_The_New_Kittenemile-vernon_1a

VITTORIO MATTEO CORCOS                                                                                                      EMILE VERNON



Pintura: Cães e Gatos–parte 6

pierre-auguste-renoir--12Florence-Marlowe-what-shall-i-read

PIERRE AUGUSTE RENOIR                                                                          FLORENCE MARLOWE


max-carlier-011charles-edouard-boutibonne

MAX CARLIER                                                                                       CHARLES EDOUARD BOUTIBONNE


Hendrieus Jacobus Burgers-02

HENDRIEUS JACOBUS BURGERS


spencelayh1w-coleman-13

CHARLES SPENCELAYH                                                                                        WILLIAM STEPHEN COLEMAN


new-friends

EMILE VERNON


tres-amigos-emilemunier

EMILE MUNIER


where_could_he_be-Frederick-Morgan

FREDERICK MORGAN


JGBrown-music_hath_no_charmsbrown-j-g-

JOHN GEORGE BROWN


geroge-sheridan-knowles--22-

GEORGE SHERIDAN KNOWLES



Temas da Pintura: Cães e gatos (6)

angelo-garino-william-powell-frith--

ANGELO GARINO                                                                                 WILLIAM POWELL FRITH


ArthurWardleandrea-landini-2

ARTHUR WARDLE                                                                                         ANDREA LANDINI


wilhelm-eilers-1857-1919-philip-richard-morris-quite-ready

WILHELM EILERS                                                                                 PHILIP RICHARD MORRIS


charles-trevor-garlandLuigi_Bechi_lb

CHARLES TREVOR GARLAND                                                                             LUIGI BECHI


leon-charles-huber-kittens-at-play

LEON CHARLES HUBER


AlfredMailickAlbert-Edelfelt-girl_with_a_cat_

ALFRED MAILICK                                                                                        ALBERT EDELFELT


Edward_Killingsworth_Johnson_Tea_Time

EDWARD KILLINGSWORTH JOHNSON


françois-boucher-(french-1703-1770)

FRANÇOIS BOUCHER


1_Arthur_John_Elsley2morgan-Frederick--21

ARTHUR JOHN ELSLEY                                                                           FREDERICK MORGAN


munier_1893_01_playing_with_the_kittenemile-munier-5--

EMILE MUNIER


dogs-and-cats-



…e gatos (5)

_Maxime_Dastugue

MAXIME DASTUGUE                                                                                             GEORGE AUGUSTUS HOLMES


Emily-Farmer-girl-with-kitten7_LUDWIG_KNAUS

EMILY FARMER                                                                                           LUDWIG KNAUS


JulesLeroy_the_jewelry_box

JULES LEROY


merry_goes_the_time_when_the_heart_is_young-john-henry-henshall

JOHN HENRY HENSHALL


rudolf epp strickendes MädchenAntonLaupheimer

RUDOLF EPP                                                                                  ANTON LAUPHEIMER


Metsu_Gabriel_Woman_EatingSleeping-Girl-known-as-Girl-with-a-cat-1880

GABRIEL METSU                                                                                    PIERRE AUGUSTE RENOIR



Temas da Pintura: Os gatos (4)

O Gato tranquilo

Ei-lo, quieto, a cismar, como em grave sigilo,
vendo tudo através a cor verde dos olhos,
onça que não cresceu, hoje é um gato tranqüilo.
A sua vida é um "manso lago", sem escolhos…
Não ama a lua, nem telhado a velho estilo.
De uma rica almofada entre os suaves refolhos,
prefere ronronar, em gracioso cochilo,
vendo tudo através a cor verde dos olhos.

Poderia ser mau, fosforescente espanto,
pequenino terror dos pássaros; no entanto,
se fez um professor de silêncio e virtude.

Gato que sonha assim, se algum dia o entenderdes,
vereis quanto é feliz uma alma que se ilude,
e olha a vida através a cor de uns olhos verdes.

Cassiano Ricardo


Emile_Vernon (2)emile-vernon_1a

EMILE VERNON


percy-tarrant-r5CBBarber1

PERCY TARRANT                                                                           CHARLES BURTON BARBER


Giulio_del_Torre

GIULIO DEL TORRE


emile_munier_m1000_a_special_momentyoung_companions-george-elgar-hicks

EMILE MUNIER                                                                            GEORGE ELGAR HICKS


godward-008

JOHN WILLIAM GODWARD


AlfredBrunelDeNeuville_kittens_playing_on_a_desk

ALFRED BRUNEL DE NEUVILLE